Facts about Cardiovascular Disease
CVDs are the number one cause of
death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other
- An estimated 17.5 million people died from CVDs in 2005,
representing 30% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.6 million were due to coronary heart
disease and 5.7 million were due to stroke.
- Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low- and
middle-income countries and occur almost equally in men and women;
- By 2015, almost 20 million people will die from CVDs,
mainly from heart disease and stroke. These are projected to remain the single leading causes of
WHAT CAUSES CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES?
* The causes of CVDs are well established and well known. The
most important causes of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and tobacco use.
These are called 'modifiable risk factors'.
* The effects of unhealthy diet and physical inactivity may show up in
individuals as raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, raised blood lipids, and overweight and obesity;
these are called 'intermediate risk factors'.
* The major modifiable risk factors are responsible for about 80% of coronary
heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
* There are also a number of underlying determinants of chronic diseases, or, if
you like, "the causes of the causes". These are a reflection of the major forces driving social, economic and
cultural change - globalization, urbanization, and population ageing. Other determinants of CVDs are poverty
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